Partners Cities: Munich

Background information about the city

The city of Munich is located in the South of Germany, in the heart of Bavaria, nearby the Alps. With a population of about 1.3 mill., the city of Munich is the third largest city in Germany, after Berlin and Hamburg. It covers about 310 and is densely populated - per there are about 4,065 inhabitants. The city of Munich is the capital of Bavaria and also the economic, social and cultural centre of this metropolitan area.

Munich is a modern town which provides a lot of jobs in the service sector and in IT-industries. Owning one of the largest public inner-city parks of the world, the “English Garden” which covers 3.73, the city of Munich can be characterised as a “green city”.

Environmental situation/problems

The most severe environmental problems in Munich are caused by traffic. The level of PM10 and NO2 mainly results from traffic emissions, especially the ones of heavy goods vehicles.

Many heavy duty vehicles take their way through the city of Munich because there is no complete highway ring round Munich. For the traffic and transport management this is the main problem in future.

In spite of the fact that about 781,000 cars are licensed in Munich, the modal split is comparatively good. Many people are using public transport, bikes and also their feet. The traffic volume during peak hours and also off-peak is very large.

Institutional context

The main authorities in Munich and in the region of Munich are:
Concerning air quality:

  • LFU: The Bavarian Environmental Protection Agency is the main authority in matters of air quality.
  • LHM-RGU: The Department of Health and Environment of the City of Munich is an authority in advisory capacity. It has to consult the City Council and also is competent in matters of pollution caused by industries and trade.

Concerning traffic management:

  • LHM-KVR: Department of Public Law and Order of the City of Munich

Concerning meteorology:

  • DWD: German Weather Service
  • some universities and the Bavarian Environmental Protection Agency (LFU)

Concerning urban/spatial planning:

  • LHM-Planungsreferat: Department of Urban Planning (the Department of the City of Munich is an authority in advisory capacity).

Concerning health:

  • LHM-RGU: the Department of Health and Environment of the City of Munich is competent in matters of health.


The City of Munich and the Bavarian State are establishing a regional traffic control centre. In this control centre short-term traffic volume measurements are generated. In addition there is a mechanism to forecast the air pollution level in the streets of the city. At present, due to problems concerning the compatibility of the traffic-data, the generated air quality information is not yet adaptable to be used for traffic control or to provide information for the public.

The LFU (Bavarian Environmental Protection Agency) maintains an air quality network in Bavaria. In Munich there are 7 stations, their data is published via internet.

Planned activities and expected results

Main task is to improve the quality of traffic volume information generated in the traffic control centre, so that the information concerning air-quality can be used to provide information for the public and for traffic control.
Expected result of the project CiteAir is to answer the following questions:

  • How can citizens be informed about air quality the best possible way?
  • Which is the best way to handle information concerning air quality and what method of measurement should be used?



City of Munich, Department of Health and Environ-ment




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